Across the US Midwest, in Michigan, Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana, forests are dying out. Once abundant in varieties, they now look like they were defeated by forest fire yesterday. The cause of this shocked the experts. A small insect, an emerald ash borer, has caused damage that can be compared to a natural catastrophe. So, what is an emerald ash borer impact on the ecosystem?
It is a consequence of globalization, which, among other things, is characterized by an increase in the transport of people and goods, as well as the introduction and importation of invasive species, such as an emerald ash borer.
Perhaps the issue of forest degradation in the Midwest may seem unimportant, but this is just a spectacular example of what can happen tomorrow all around the world as well. The emerald ash borer on the American soil appeared at the end of the 1990s and had since expanded into huge environments, traveling well hidden in woodwork. Over the next ten years, it is estimated that the US economy will cost over $10 billion, or at least $ 1 billion a year!
Americans have been cutting diseasedtrees, but the forests continue to die. Pesticides, insecticides and other agents have proved ineffective, not to mention the negative environmental impact of such substances.
Biological invasions are gaining considerably less attention than natural disasters, but they can be far more damaging in economic terms, say biologists. Anthony Ricciardi of McGill University, with colleagues, has concluded that invasions of certain animal species are becoming more and more common throughout the world, mostly thanks to international trade (for example, insects and smaller animals from Asia can be stuck between commodities and reach Europe and America).
Although many ‘foreign’ species settle in some areas without greater damage, the worst biological invasion could cause multiple extinction of local species. When Nile Grasshopper or Mussel invaded African Lake Victoria, it contributed to the extinction of over 200 species of fish. Such invasions can have enormous economic effects – for example, the destruction of tree-beet pulpwood, the so-called ’emerald ash borer’ Agrilusplanipennis, the United States will stand for $ 10 billion in the next ten years.
Researchers say that damage reduction plans should include education, the development of new ways of preventing destruction and the methodology of rapid response and status assessment as well as information and coordination systems for relevant institutions. As an example, New Zealand has issued a law on management and monitoring threats to biodiversity and natural resources. So having answered the question: what is an emerald ash borer impact on ecosystem? , let’s discuss other species and insects that have an impact on ecosystems are:
- Aedesalbopictus, also known as tiger mosquito (Asian).
- Leptinotarsadecemlineata, also known as the Colorado potato beetle.
- Trachemysscriptaelegans, also known as the red-eared terrapin.
- The coypu (Myocastor coypus), also known as nutria.
- Signal crayfish (Pacifastacusleniusculus) is a species of crayfish.
- Herpestidae, also known as Mongoose.
- Cydalimaperspectalis, also known as the box tree moth.