Across the US Midwest, in Michigan, Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana, forests are dying out. Once abundant in varieties, they now look like they were defeated by forest fire yesterday. The cause of this shocked the experts. A small insect, an emerald ash borer, has caused damage that can be compared to a natural catastrophe. So, what is an emerald ash borer impact onecosystem?
With increasing population, environmental pollution has increased manifold in the last couple of decades. This affects human beings as well as other living things. But most vulnerable are infants and children. Environmental health risks for infants are more than adults because:
Rain forests are those forests which experience a high amount of rainfall. They are important ecosystems which have a sustainable model for the biotin species in them. Nearly 40-70% of all species originate in the rain forests. Tropical rain forests are a natural treasure with more than 25% of herbal medicines found here. Rain forests are characterized by dense vegetation and through photosynthesis, they contribute to more than 28% of the total oxygen movement on earth. Today, with so much deforestation, only about 6% of the earth’s surface is covered with rain forests. However, they are inhabited by more than half of the known species of animals and plants in the world.
Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies like lake, sea, river etc. The pollutants discharged into the waterbodies enter without proper treatment. The sewage and the waste can produce algae content in the water which is massively destructive for various water bodies. The polluted water contains highly toxic substances which are harmful to a human who depends on the sources of the water bodies as well as for the aquatic life. So we would now focus on the causes as well as the effects of water pollution on ecosystems.
The Ecosystem can be thought of as a single unit containing living things and non-living things, and the living things interact with the non-living things and also with the environment, working as a system. The Ecosystem and its Components are thought of as entities in a limited, defined space – for e.g., a forest or an ocean. However, according to some scientists and ecologists, the entire planet is an ecosystem. Ecosystems are controlled by both internal and external factors. The external factors such as the climatic conditions define how the ecosystem works, but do not get affected by the ecosystem itself.