An ecosystem is identified by a set of different characteristics that connect the animal kingdom with the plant kingdom, a specific environment in which each entity needs the other to coexist. That is to say, its life process is linked directly, and in an evolutionary way,to the living organisms that make it a home.
An ecosystem is a home with specific properties, which houses inhabitants of different types, species, and sizes. It is equipped for these creatures’ daily lives: their birth, their growth, the fulfillment of their functions within the ecosystem, and finally, their death. Learn more about what makes an ecosystem.
The species of an ecosystem, including fungi, plants,bacteria, and animals, all depend on the other. The relationship between these living beings and the environment they live in results in a flow of energy and matter vital to the ecosystem. Although the vegetation can vary in a big geographical area, it will not limit the edges of an ecosystem so that it can accommodate a great variety of vegetation.
A rainforest is an ecosystem inhabited by a multitude of living beings, but it’s dominated by plant life, delivering the most structural and beautiful houses to many species. The very existence of planet Earth depends on the existence of rain-forests because they occupy a third part of the globe, performing vital functions that enable life on our planet.
Rain forests hold 70% of the world’s animal and plant species with more than 13 million of them.These feed the rivers and are essential to provide water to more than 50% of the cities in the world.They also play a tremendously important role in climate change, providing the oxygen we need while storing carbon dioxide.
When it comes to rain-forests, the first one that appears in our minds is The Amazon. There you can find the largest areas of virgin forest remaining on Earth, and more than 20% of animal and plant species live there. In addition to that, there are 330thousand people who live there, including known indigenous tribes and others that haven’t been contacted.
The Amazon is a source of life on Earth and represents the largest ecosystem in Latin America, encompassing Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Guyana, French Guiana and Suriname. This huge laboratory of life is the most sacred in biodiversity found in the area, and regardless, every day the deforestation is ending with it little by little.In one single hectare, more than 300 different species of trees have been identified, and in one single tree more than 650 species of insects. These facts make The Amazon the largest biological reserve on Earth.
The Amazon river makes The Amazon rain-forest an even better ecosystem, being the second longest river in the world and the most voluminous of all. It covers two-thirds of South America, making it the heart of the continent as it massively feeds the region and provides a colorful mosaic full of life.
Until now, more than 20% of the original extension of the Amazon has been destroyed, making The Amazon an extremely fragile ecosystem. And with deforestation continuing and growing stronger, the very existence of life on earth is in danger.